Juyongguan Great Wall is just 10km earlier than Badaling to Beijing center. The name “Juyong” means “ dwelling place for commons”, it’s said that the name was gotten from the Qin dynasty, when Qinshihuang, the first feudal centralized emperor of china, order to extend the Great Wall, this pass had been a place for dwelling for those workers, besides, most of the labors were consisted of convicts, hence got the name.
After Beijing became capital areas , Juyongguan Pass gained more and more strategic importance to the safety of the capital, because it was built in a gap between two mountain peaks with only one road leading to Beijing. That’s why this pass has been consistently valuable to military significance through ages.
Juyongguan Pass witnessed some battles that determined the fate of several dynasties. In 1122, the Jin Court, built by Nuzhen tribe from northeast of china in today Heilongjiang Province, they firstly pass through Juyongguan, and then captured the capital , overthrew Liao dynasty. The troops of Ming dynasty , led by Zhuyuanzhang, also firstly took this pass and then attacked the capital , droved out the Yuan Emperor. Hundreds years later, Lizicheng, who is the Peasant’s Uprising Army successfully led the rebellion , they passed the Juyongguan Pass and captured the capital, etc. for these events, we can see Juyongguan Pass has been playing a very important role in Chinese history.
Speaking of the Juyongguan Pass, we can not miss the Cloud Terrace(Yuntai ). It is an ancient marble platform, originally built during Yuan Dynasty. The ceiling and walls of the terrace have many beautiful and interesting Buddhist inscriptions and carvings with characters in Sankrit, Tibetan, Basiba, Xixia, Uygur and Han languages. They offered us their wonderful example of their exquisite workmanship and vividness in carvings. It’s rarely seen in ancient Chinese carvings . they are extremely valuable to the study of Buddhism and ancient languages.